HBP and the Cardiovascular System

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This module presents four of the most common effects of HBP on the cardiovascular system. Click on any of these icons to learn more about the conditions.

The normal aging process can cause the big elastic arteries to become stiff over time. This can increase blood pressure, as the ventricles must pump harder to force blood out of the heart and into the arteries.

HBP can cause microscopic damage to the inner lining of the muscular arteries and lead to a starting place for atherosclerosis. When atherosclerosis is not stopped, it can lead to blocked coronary arteries and a possible heart attack, stroke, or peripheral vascular disease.

HBP can also cause the muscular walls of the ventricles to become thick and stiff. This can lead to heart failure.